According to a survey in 2014, in the United States, more than 10 percent of people were affected by kidney stones. Every year, over 500 thousand people got admitted to the hospital for kidney stones around the globe. It is a painful condition which we can’t ignore. Kidney stones are solid crystals that can originate anywhere in the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes kidneys, bladders, ureters, and urethra. If you’re looking for what causes kidney stones? First of all, you have to know about the types of kidney stones because the causes may change depending on the type of kidney stone.
Calcium stones are a common type of kidney stones. There are two types of calcium stones. They are calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate stones. Inhaling foods with too much oxalate causes calcium oxalate kidney stones.
These type of kidney stones is made of ammonium, phosphate, and magnesium. Struvite stones form because of urinary tract infection (also known as UTI), which is caused by bacterial infections in the urinary tract.
Uric acid stones form because of the increase in the acidic level in urine. There are several causes for this kidney stone formation.
Cystine stone is a rare condition that occurs in people with genetic disorders like cystinuria. These stones are made from a specific amino acid known as cystine.
The main symptom every kidney stone patient has is severe pain (also called renal colic). The pain can’t be ignored easily. If you’re a kidney stone patient, you may feel pain in the abdomen or any side of your back.
Kidney stone patients may also have the symptoms mentioned above.
Several things need to be checked for the diagnosis of kidney stones. The full medical history needs to be checked first; then, several blood tests will be conducted to check the phosphorus, calcium, and acid levels. Urinalysis will be conducted to find the crystals and infection. Also, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine were conducted to analyze the kidney functions. These tests are conducted to find the cause of kidney stones.
These methods are conducted to find out kidney stones.
Water is a necessary fluid for the body; if you didn’t drink enough water, that might cause kidney stones. Water helps to dilute the minerals in our body. If water level lacks in our body, those minerals can’t be excreted, and they will form a crystal. When you took enough water, they were diluted and excreted with the urine.
Suppose you don’t drink enough water, your urine color change to yellow because a low amount of water excretes a high amount of these minerals with urine. A normal person needs to consume 10 cups of water per day to keep the balance.
Some medications for treating other diseases may cause kidney stones. Several drugs used to treat AIDS, some antibiotics, and certain diuretics cause kidney stones in humans. Also, thiazide-type diuretics medication helps us to treat kidney stones.
Obesity increases the chances of affected by kidney stones. If your BMI (Body Mass Index) is over 30, you have a higher chance of getting kidney stones. Several surgeries are available to lose weight, but some of them put you in danger of kidney stones. Not every weight loss surgery has these risks, but surgeries like Roux-en-Y gastric bypass may put you in this kind of situation.
Animal protein plays a major role in forming kidney stones. They are stored in joints and create gout. Also, animal protein causes the increment of uric acid and calcium levels in your urine, leading to the creation of uric acid stones in your kidney.
Too much consumption of salt and sugar is a major cause of kidney stones. The everyday snacks, canned foods, and fast foods have a high amount of sodium, leading to the creation of kidney stones in the long-term.
Oxalate and calcium foods are common in our diet list. But what we have to mind is calcium and oxalate foods create calcium oxalate stones in kidneys. Foods we considered healthy have a high amount of oxalate. For example, spinach, bran cereal, rhubarb, and grits have a high amount of oxalate. If we took high calcium foods like cheese and milk with high oxalate foods simultaneously, they would create stones in guts and kidneys.
Some people have some specific inherited disease, which may lead to kidney stones. For example, medullary sponge kidney disease causes cysts formation and leading to kidney stone creation. Some people might have kidney disease if any of their family members has kidney stones already.
Some other diseases are correlated with kidney disease. Renal tubular acidosis, type-2 diabetes, gout, hyperparathyroidism, and many other diseases related to kidney stones. If you have any of these, you need to be concerned about kidney stones.
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For kidney stones patients, drinking enough water is the essential thing they need to do every day. Kidney stones in small sizes may dilute in water easily. Apart from that, there are several treatments available for kidney stones.
These are some of the treatments used to get rid of kidney stones.
Kidney stones are not fatal if they are treated in time. Because of the unbearable pain, no one left kidney stones untreated. So there is nothing to worry about kidney stones. If you know the causes of kidney stones already, you can prevent them before acquiring them. So drink enough water and take care of your kidney to get rid of kidney stones. Hope you got the answer to your doubts about what causes kidney stones.
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