Cats are also similar to humans, in the cased that they also suffer kidney-based diseases. Chronic kidney disease is one of the common problems that acquires on matured cat’s kidneys. Most often, the condition developed in cats of seven years old can be more or less.
However, unlike humans, they cannot tell what they have, and it is hard to find and identify the symptom and disease within time. The unfortunate thing is that it is too late for it to be cured when the symptoms or the cause are identified.
As a cat owner, it is necessary to know about kidney diseases, symptoms, diagnosis, and the necessary precautions in treating it.
The most common chronic kidney diseases found on cats are:
It can be cured most of the time if correct treatment is applied except for the genetic diseases.
There are several causes of several kidney diseases in cats. Nonetheless, the most common reasons are:
Poisonous toxins are one of the main reasons for kidney diseases in cats. Some of the toxins are components of natural things like flowers and plants. For example, Cholecalciferol is naturally available on every plant, but it was a rodent poison component.
Kidney diseases are genetically inherited in specific cat families. For example, polycystic kidney disease is a genetic kidney problem passed down within the Persian cat family’s genes.
If the bacterial infection on kidneys is not noticed as soon as possible, it will likely cause severe kidney damage and high-level kidney diseases on cats.
Moreover, there are other reasons for kidney diseases.
The best way to find if these are CKD symptoms or not is they came off all sudden. The cat suddenly acquires these symptoms in a mild or mentionable manner, and then it will worsen. The signs can be visible when it has turned into worse.
Some kidney diseases may show some of these symptoms, and some are not. It is better to consult a veterinarian if the symptoms are observed to identify if the diagnosis is kidney disease.
It is better to have a yearly check-up with a veterinarian doctor to keep caution of the pet’s condition. Nevertheless, if any symptoms have been on the cat, get it to the hospital and try to determine if the diagnosis is CKD.
Blood tests and urine tests are usually taken at the same time to check and confirm CKD. Blood test focuses on two substances in blood, urea, and creatinine. If these two components’ level increased in the cat’s blood, that half proves CKD’s existence. However, other conditions can increase the amount of these products in blood.
Urine test takes a look at two specific conditions to identify the CKD. First, the concentration level of the urine. If the concentration level was less than 1.030, hence it is proved. Another one to be checked is the level of urea and creatinine. If the level of these two is high on urine, it can be taken as CKD.
SDMA is one of the latest blood test methods, which can identify CKD accurately, even in beginning times. This test also takes urea and creatinine to analyze for chronic kidney disease in a cat. It can bring more accurate results compared to previous tests.
X-ray, CT, ultrasound is used to find out polycystic kidney disease because of genetics. These methods are used only to find PKD like diseases in the kidneys of cats.
There are several other tests available to find various chronic kidney diseases.
High blood pressure and kidney disease are connected. If a cat has high blood pressure, then the chances of having CKD is high.
Unfortunately, kidney diseases are irreversible, but the disease’s progression can be extended.
Keeping the cat hydrated is the first thing needed to do when it comes to kidney disease. The cat should be given water always or feed flavored water. Other cats needed subcutaneous fluids to keep them hydrated. Keep in mind; that the water they need to drink is with a low sodium level.
Diet is the best way to keep being healthy and stop the progression of the disease. Keep both eyes on the sodium level in the cat’s foods carefully.
Few of the kidney problems like bacterial infection can be cured by medicine at an early point. However, taking medicines can help slow down the process of disease. Furthermore, in some cases, cats need some drugs to do specific operations. For example, some patients need potassium supplementation, and some need particular drugs to bind phosphorous.
Not only humans but cats also need medication if they go under hypertension because of blood pressure. It will help them to deal with blood pressure and kidney diseases.
Nowadays, there are many successful treatments found to cure the disease or extend the cat’s life. That is good news for those who are looking for how to treat kidney disease in cats.
Renal transplant is an effective method of dialysis, which is proved it can be used in cats. In this process, the patient’s blood passes through a filtration system. There unnecessary products in the blood will be removed. From there, the blood was taken into a continuous renal replacement therapy unit (CRRT), and the unneeded toxins will be removed here. By doing this process, we can extend the cat’s life.
Kidney problems are not irreversible. Proper care of the cat can prevent the irreversible thing from happening.
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