CRD represents chronic renal disease. It explains the loss of kidney functions that takes place gradually. The human kidneys filter excess fluids and filter wastes from your blood get excreted in your urine. As chronic renal disease (CRD) catches the advanced stages, electrolytes, wastes, and dangerous fluid levels increase in your body.
Chronic renal disease (CRD), in the initial stages, shows very few symptoms or signs. It may be less apparent until the function of your kidney gets considerably damaged.
Chronic Renal Disease (CRD) is known as chronic renal insufficiency or chronic renal failure. Chronic renal insufficiency, this term is used by some experts to explain the beginning chronic renal disease (CRD) stages that damages the kidney and has impaired renal function already, but the systemic manifestations are nominal. This stage is diagnosed and detected from the elevated level of serum creatinine that is slightly high for over 3 months.
Failure of kidneys implies the filtering of the waste should be done artificially, whereas blood pressure must be controlled strictly through medication. When the kidney function is totally bad it is referred to as ESRF, end stage renal failure, where special treatment such as transplantation or dialysis is given, else it may result in death in few weeks or months.
With the presence of chronic renal disease (CRD), the kidneys are unable to efficiently filter waste and so the creatinine levels increase in the blood. Dialysis is recommended for adults having chronic renal disease (CRD) when the levels of creatinine reach 10.0mg/dL. Conversely, dialysis is equally recommended for babies having kidney disease when the level of creatinine is 2.0 mg/ dL. Signs of having high levels of creatinine are difficult to find out.
Kidney failure comes to be identified with extreme amounts of creatinine showing in the routine blood tests and does not have any signs. Yet, some experience signs such as:
Despite the reason for main nephron loss, some are less damaged and also some survive. The nephrons will enlarge and adapt and there is a marked increase in clearance per nephron.
In case the process initiated diffuses and becomes severe, whereas some patients show progressive glomurelonephritis and there is sub-acute or acute renal failure developing with quick ESRD (End-stage renal disease) development.
Chronic renal disease (CRD) happens when a condition or a disease impairs the kidney function, resulting in damage to kidney that it worsened in months or few years. Conditions and diseases commonly that cause the chronic renal disease (CRD) include:
Signs and symptoms of chronic renal disease (CRD) develop slowly with the progress kidney damage. The signs and symptoms include:
Chronic renal disease (CRD) risk factors that are high include:
Knowing about the stages of chronic renal disease (CRD) helps in improving the care quality for people suffering with kidney disease. This is a guideline created by the NKF, National Kidney Foundation to assist doctors in identifying the kidney disease level. The NKF categorizes kidney disease into five stages. As the doctor is aware of the kidney disease stage, he is able to provide perfect care, as with each stage the tests and treatments are different.
Here are five chronic renal disease (CRD) stages and GRF (Glomerular Filtration Rate) stages:
An individual in stage 3 chronic renal disease (CRD) has moderate damage to the kidney. This stage is divided into two: a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decrease for stage 3A is 45-59mL/ min and for stage 3B it is 30-44 mL/ min. With the decline in the kidney function, the buildup of waste products in the blood causes ‘uremia’ a condition. In stage 3 there are more chances for a person to develop kidney disease complications such as anemia, blood pressure or even bone disease.
A stage 4 chronic renal disease (CRD) person has advanced stages of kidney damage showing a GFR severe decrease to 15-30 ml/ min. In fact, a person with stage 4 chronic renal disease (CRD) requires kidney transplant or dialysis in the near future.
As there is decline in the kidney function, there is buildup of waste products in the blood, thus it causes a condition ‘uremia’. A person in stage 4 chronic renal disease (CRD) may develop kidney disease complications such as anemia, high blood pressure, heart disease, bone disease and other cardiovascular diseases.
Chronic renal disease (CRD) affects almost each part of your body and the potential complications include:
To make sure whether you have chronic renal disease (CRD), you need to undergo tests and procedures:
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